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Electric Valve Actuator - How They Work

Views: 35     Author: Site Editor     Publish Time: 2022-12-12      Origin: Site

Electric valve actuators control the opening and closing of valves. They can provide either linear or rotary motion and work with different types of valves, including ball and butterfly valves. Electric valve actuators respond to prompts through remote control or centralized process control systems, which make them invaluable for managing systems that are hard to reach or spread across a large area. Process control systems can operate electric actuators from a centralized system to deliver scheduled and programmed commands, thereby allowing organizations to automate the system and improve reliability.

Overall, Electric valve actuators are becoming increasingly responsive, technologically advanced, and easier to use. The following guide explains what you need to know about how these components work and what’s needed to install and use them.

Electric Valve Actuator - How They Work

Electric Actuator Components

Unlike other valves actuators, electric actuators contain motors that can convert electricity in either linear or rotary motion to open, close, or adjust a corresponding valve. Different electric actuators control various types of movement; a quarter-turn actuator, for example, will turn the valves’s mechanism 90 degrees, which is fully open.

It’s important to choose the Electric valve actuator that runs on the right voltage to match your facility’s system. These systems vary depending on whether an operator uses alternating current (AC) or direct current (DC) power sources.

Some of the most popular voltage types are:

12 VAC

12 VDC

24 VAC

24 VDC

115 VAC

120 VAC

Along with the motor, actuators have other electrical components, including a limit switch, wiring, and gearing. All these parts are arranged in a compact, protective housing unit.

Electric Valve Actuator - How They Work

Electric valve actuator design

Electric actuators for Electric valve are a type of rotary motorized valve actuators. Electric rotary actuators convert electric energy into rotary force, so a quarter-turn electric actuator can only turn 90 degrees. The electric motor generates torque, which is transmitted to turn the valve through an output drive. The motor voltage options are either AC (alternating current), DC (direct current), or they are able to operate on either one. The motor is housed in a robust, compact housing that also contains other components of the actuator such as gearings, limit switches, wiring, etc. The whole assembly is connected to a valve through a compatible connection interface, such as an ISO 5211 standard.

Mounting Process

Sloop2 Electric valve actuatorWhen you’re mounting Electric valve actuators in place, use sturdy, industry-standard parts. Many actuators and mounting hardware use the ISO 5211 standards for connections, which Electric valve brands and components work together seamlessly.

You’ll need at least three components for mounting:

An output drive

A stem to connect to the valve head

A flange that mounts the actuator onto the valve

Various actuators require different types of flanges based on the torque and fasteners available.

How to Choose an Electric valve Actuator

How to Choose an Electric valve Actuator Electric valve actuators can make fluid systems safer and easier to control. They’re especially useful if you need to expand or upgrade your system and make it more complex.

Here are some parameters that can help guide your decision:

Torque: Consider the general torque and breakaway torque requirements of the system. Secondary factors that influence the torque include fluid viscosity and valve size.

Voltage Requirements: Determine the current type and intensity of the power source at the site of the actuator installation.

Valve Mounting Connection: Different flanges, actuators, and mounting environment requirements can limit your choice of Electric valve actuator.

IP Rating: IP ratings, as established by IEC 60529, have different levels of protection against environmental factors such as moisture and dust.

Enclosure Protection Certification: Similarly, the protective housing and enclosures must be able to act as a barrier against the application hazards that are specific to the environment.

Fail-Safe: Integrated Electric valve actuators can be programmed with automated settings that go into effect if there’s power loss, an emergency, or system failure.

Modulation: Some actuators can control the fluid flow rate, modulating it, while other allow just a ON/OFF control.

Application: The fluid material, temperature, and other factors of your intended application can also affect which Electric valve will work best.